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Just How Bad is The Crime Rate In Delhi?

Last week, the National Crime Records Bureau released crime data for 2016, and that showed Delhi to continue being the crime capital in several categories.

NCRB categorizes crimes under 18 heads, and releases data for each at two geographical levels: by states and by 19 metropolitan cities with a population above 2 million. Delhi had the overall worst crime rate among all states, of 975 crimes per 100,000 people. The next worst was Kerala: 727.

Just how bad is it to be living as a woman or a child in Delhi? The visualization below captures the severity of Delhi’s crime rate in select categories with respect to other states. Seen another way, it shows when people come from another state to Delhi, what are they coming to in terms of crime and safety?

The smallest icons (first row) show states that are just as bad as Delhi in the particular crime metric: for example, the rate of crime against women in Assam is close to Delhi. And the largest icons (last low) show states with low crime rates. Nagaland, for example, had the lowest crime rate against women; in comparison to it, Delhi’s crime rate was 17 times Nagaland.

In terms of bigger states, Delhi’s rate of crime against women was thrice as bad as that of Maharashtra, and twice as bad as Madhya Pradesh.

The stark gap between Delhi and other states is also seen in crimes against children.

 

 

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News in Numbers, Nov 3, 2016: Whose job is it?

300

What is it? The approximate number of school students who would be cleaning railway platforms and station premises each Sunday.

Why is it important? The success of the government’s Swachh Bharat Mission depends on public awareness and participation and such a step is likely to help students understand the importance of sanitation and hygiene besides nudging the general public to be more conscious about cleanliness, starting from family members and friends. The Indian Railways has tied up with Sulabh International, a non-profit voluntary social organisation to create 164 student clubs across 20 states for this initiative. The organisation plans to cover all the 7,000-odd stations in the country.

Tell me more: According to a survey conducted at 407 railway stations based on passenger feedback, five of the top 10 cleanest stations are in Gujarat while the dirtiest were found to be in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.

 

5.5 million

What is it? The estimated number of women who are likely to die from cancer annually by 2030, according to a report by the American Cancer Society (ACS).

Why is it important? This is an increase of 60% in 20 years with the highest toll to be among women in poor and middle-income countries. The four deadliest cancers (breast, colorectal, lung and cervical) are largely preventable or can be detected early and much of the estimated deaths (by 2030) fall in this category. There were 3.5 million cancer deaths among women in 2012 and the number of new cancer cases are expected to increase from 6.7 million in 2012 to 9.9 million in 2030.

Tell me more: Another report published in the Lancet medical journal said the number of women diagnosed with breast cancer is likely to double from 1.7 million in 2015 to 3.2 million a year by 2030. One out of every seven women in the world die due to cancer, which is the second highest cause after cardiovascular disease, according to ACS.

 

54,546 million metric tons

What is it? The amount of carbon stored in community lands managed by indigenous people, according to a study, which is based on satellite surveys of 37 tropical countries.

Why is it important? These lands are held collectively by communities more by custom, than by law officially recognized by the governments. Because of this status the communities can potentially lose their land to private parties. If that happens, there is a risk of carbon getting released into atmosphere, worsening the climate change. The carbon contained in these lands is equivalent to four times the global carbon emissions in 2014. The study suggests the indigenous communities be given a bigger role in climate stabilisation, which is also a cost-effective way of preventing further emissions due to forest loss.

Tell me more: A tenth of the total carbon contained above the ground in tropical forests is in areas that are managed by native communities. Just 21 of the 188 countries recognise indigenous land rights and have included forest people in their national plans for reducing carbon emissions under the Paris Agreement.

 

10%

What is it? The percentage of ATMs (automated teller machines) that should dispense Rs 100 notes exclusively within the next fortnight, according to a notification by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

Why is it important? This comes after the apex bank conducted a review of the steps banks have taken to install ATMs that dispense lower denomination banknotes and found that only a few banks had done so. This is to help meet the general public’s requirements of lower denomination notes. The banks have been advised to share their feedback on the pilot project after two months.

Tell me more: The RBI had introduced a scheme called the Currency Distribution and Exchange Scheme under which it said it would incentivize banks for installing ATMs dispensing notes of denominations up to Rs 100 – reimbursement of 50% of the actual cost of the ATM machine or Rs 2 lakh (whichever is lower) for urban areas and 60% of the actual cost of the machine or Rs 2.5 lakh (whichever is lower) for semi-urban and rural areas.

 

Rs 1,124 crore

What is it? The value of orders bagged by the Shapoorji Pallonji Group (SPG) from the Tata Group in 2012-13.

Why is it important? This reduced to nil in 2015-16. Within a year of being appointed as the chairman of Tata Sons in 2012, Mistry disallowed the Tata Group of companies from awarding new contracts to SPG as long as he headed the group. Mistry said in a 2013 letter to the CEOs of the Tata Group companies said this was to avoid any conflict of interest. SPG is headed by his elder brother Shapoor P Mistry.

Tell me more: After Mistry was sacked as the chairman of Tata Sons a few days ago, both the Tata Group and Mistry have reportedly put in place public relations teams to fight one of the biggest corporate spats in India.

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News in Numbers, Oct 25, 2016: The mysterious coup…

66%

What is it? The collective stake held by two trusts – Sir Dorabji Tata Trust and Sir Ratan Tata Trust – (both chaired by Ratan Tata) in Tata Sons, the holding company of the $100-billion Tata Group.

Why is it important? These two trusts have the powers to appoint or remove the chairman and it was their decision that led to the sudden sacking of Cyrus Mistry, who was at the helm of the Tata Group for nearly four years. Ratan Tata has taken over the reins of the group temporarily even as a selection committee has been tasked to find a successor in four months. While the reasons for this abrupt decision is unclear, in a statement, the group has said it was on the “recommendation of the principal shareholder (Tata Sons)”.

Tell me more: Of the nine board members, six voted to remove Mistry as chairman while two abstained. He is Pallonji Mistry’s son, who heads Shapoorji and Palonji Group, which owns 18.5% in Tata Sons. The Shapoorji and Palonji Group has said it would contest the move.

 

Rs 91.46 crore

What is it? The net profit of Idea Cellular, India’s third largest telecom player, in the quarter ended September 30.

Why is it important? This is around 88% lower than that posted in the comparable period a year ago (Rs 757.8 crore). This is an effect of intensifying competition due to Reliance Jio’s entry – Idea Cellular showed a decline in voice minutes and fall in mobile voice and data segment. Along with other incumbents, the company reduced data tariffs by as much as 67% and it spent Rs 12,798 crore in the recently-concluded spectrum auction to retain customers.

Tell me more: The company plans to expand its 4G services to 20 service areas from the current 11 and 3G services to 15 service areas from the present 13 by March 2017.

 

4

What is it? The number of weeks the trust governing Haji Ali Dargah, a famous mosque in Mumbai, in which it would implement the Supreme Court’s order of allowing women into the sanctum sanctorum.

Why is it important? This is being considered as a step towards equality and justice by the petitioners (who fought against the ban against women’s entry into the sanctum sanctorum) and their supporters though women won’t be allowed to touch the grave as it is that of a man (a saint). This would also help Muslim women in their fight against triple ‘talaaq’ (divorce), according to the petitioners. It remains to be seen the impact of this event on other religious placesthat have gender restrictions.

Tell me more: The Haji Ali trust had challenged the Bombay High Court’s order lifting the ban that restricted women’s entry into the dargah’s sanctum sanctorum. Two women, Zakia Soman and Noorjehan Niaz from a non-governmental organisation called Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan had filed a public interest litigation in the High Court challenging the trust’s restrictions on women.

 

Rs 35,000-40,000 crore

What is it? The estimated amount that can be saved annually by 2025 under the Indian government’s Sagarmala project, which aims at promote port-led development, according to a study.

Why is it important? The project would reduce the cost of domestic and export-import cargo as the movement of the goods via coastal shipping and inland waterways is expected to be 60-80% cheaper than road and rail transport. Under this project, the government aims to increase the share of inland waterways and coastal shipping in the modal mix from 6% to 12%. It is looking to increase coal movement through the coastal route by nearly five times to 129 million tonnes per annum by 2025 and also, reduce the cost of power generation by 50 paise per unit.

Tell me more: In India, logistics cost as a percentage of gross domestic product is 19% (compared to 12.5% in China, 15.72% in Indonesia and 13.43% in the UK), is among the highest in the world.

 

150 million

What is it? The number of Indians aged 18 years and above that suffer from mental health issues, according to the National Mental Health Survey.

Why is it important? Just one of every five of those suffering from mental health issues gets treatment, reflecting the fact that it’s a less-talked about problem and one that has the burden of social stigma attached to it. One in every 20 people in India suffer from depression and one in 40 has dealt with this problem in the past. Substance use disorder was found to be prevalent in 22.4% of the population aged 18 years and above.

Tell me more: The survey, commissioned by the Indian government and implemented/coordinated by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, covered 34,802 people (18 years and above) in 12 states.

 

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News in Numbers, Sep 27, 2016: “Hello!”- From the seas…

11.2%

What is it? The percentage share of women on the boards of Indian companies in 2015, according to a report.

Why is it important? While this is double their representation (5.5%) in 2010, it’s still lower than global average of 14.7%. India scored the second lowest in Asia in terms of female representation at a senior management level, and recorded a decline in management diversity from 7.8% in 2014 to 7.2% in 2015.

Tell me more: The Credit Suisse Gender 3000 is a bi-annual report covers 27,000 senior managers at over 3,000 companies. The report also contradicts the “Queen Bee” idea, which says that women in higher positions prevent other women from getting promotions to top management positions.

 

60 km

What is it? The distance up to which Indian fishermen can have internet connectivity at sea, up from 45 km that mobile towers currently provide.

Why is it important? The project called OceanNet, a low-cost Internet connectivity solution, is claimed to be unique in the world and could help save the lives of fishermen and also, strengthen national security by enabling them to inform the authorities about any suspicious activity at sea.

Tell me more: OceanNet is co-funded by Amrita University, Information Technology Research Academy and the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology. This project includes an onshore base station that boost Internet signals, which are captured by fishing vessels fitted with a low-cost Amrita OceanNet receiver-broadcaster system. In turn, these vessels turn into broadcasters and through multiple boat-to-boat hops, Internet signals can extend beyond 60 km.

 

2,000

What is it? The number of ATM (automated teller machine) sites the Indian Railways is reportedly planning to auction for a period of 10 years.

Why is it important? With this, the railways hopes to earn Rs 500 crore, in line with its target of increasing its revenues from non-tariff sources to 20% from 10% for which it had set up Non-Fare Revenue Directorate a few months ago. The other initiatives to boost non-tariff revenues include a new ad policy with a target to earn Rs 11,770 crore in five years, a plan to monetise railways data and proposals to sell garbage generated at railway stations.

Tell me more: The directorate would also work on other areas such as commercial exploitation of vacant land, commercial farming alongside railway tracks, monetisation of soft assets (such as generating revenue through ads on websites), parking of vehicles on railway land other than the stations and sponsorship of activities and events at the stations.

 

> 80

What is it? The number of Bollywood film titles Amazon has access to for its Prime offering in India, through its deals with Dharma Productions and Vishesh Films.

Why is it important? An indicator that Amazon is bringing into India its other advantages to fight Flipkart and Snapdeal in the ecommerce market. A large video streaming library will help Amazon increase its Prime membership in the country, and Prime members spend about 2.5 times more than the non-members. Neither Flipkart nor Snapdeal has a video streaming service.

Tell me more: Amazon has entered into a long-term licensing deal with Karan Johar’s Dharma Productions, which has released over 30 movies. Earlier, it struck a similar deal with Vishesh films which has about 50 films in its catalogue. Amazon is reportedly in talks with Balaji Telefilms and Yash Raj Productions as well.

 

11

What is it? The number of foreign direct investment (FDI) proposals cleared by the government on Monday.

Why is it important? The proposals amount to Rs 2,325 crore. However, nearly 90% of that is from a single proposal, BNP Paribas’ acquisition of Sharekhan. The BNP Paribas – Sharekhan approval comes after a rejection by Foreign Investment Promotion Board in June this year. Investment proposals by Pepe Jeans, IBM and Morgan Stanley have also been approved.

Tell me more: The NDA government is betting on FDI to boost growth and employment, and has in 2016 from $36 billion in 2014.54% to $55.4 billion since it came to power. FDI grew by relaxed the norms.

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