Taking it away…….( News in Numbers – June 27, 2017)

News In Numbers: June 26

60%

What is it? The estimated percentage of traders who don’t have access to computers, according to the Confederation of All Indian Traders (CAIT) – a trade body.    

Why is it important? Traders with turnover above Rs 20 lakh per year are required to file returns online – thrice a month – under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime that will be rolled out from July 1st. CAIT estimates 35 million out of the 60 million small firms will be eligible to file returns under GST.          

Tell me more: Traders whose turnover is between Rs 20 lakh and Rs 75 lakh can opt for composition scheme and can file returns once a quarter.

43%

What is it? The growth in disbursements of housing loans below Rs 10 lakh during last financial year ended March 2017. In comparison, loans above Rs 25 lakh shrunk by 1%.  

Why is it important? Growth in disbursements of loans below Rs 10 lakh is an indicator of people taking advantage of government’s credit linked subsidy scheme for families earning less than Rs 12 lakh per annum. Central government is pushing affordable housing to meet the unmet housing needs in both rural and urban areas.

Tell me more: Under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, people earning upto Rs 12 lakh per annum will get interest subsidy of 4% on their home loans. Mortgage loans below Rs 10 lakh account for only one-fourth of the total loan portfolio in 2015.     

22 million  

What is it? The number of Americans who will lose health insurance if the Better Care Reconciliation Act of 2017, which is pushed forward by the Republican party. Better Care will replace Affordable Care Act, which reduced number of uninsured from 50 million to less than 27 million in 2016.   

Why is it important? 49 million Americans (or 15% of US population) will not have health insurance by 2026. US is the only developed economy that does not have a universal health coverage.          

Tell me more: Health expenditure per capita in US is $ 7,900 as compared to $ 3,233 in other developed economies, and $ 132 in India. Numbers are in purchasing power parity basis.   

Rs85.03 crore

What is it? The amount of money returned to Sahara India’s bondholders by market regulator, the Securities Exchange Board of India till March 2017.    

Why is it important? Five years have passed after the SEBI passed an order asking Sahara to refund money to the bondholders. Subsequently, the Supreme Court had asked Sahara to deposit the same with the market regulator. So far, Sahara has deposited Rs 11,798 crore and SEBI has been able to refund only Rs 85 crore.       

Tell me more: Sahara had raised the money without the approval of SEBI, which asked the company to refund the entire amount. Sahara had claimed it has refunded 95% of the bondholders.  

34%

What is it? Market share of scooters in the domestic two-wheeler market during 2016-17.    

Why is it important? Indicates increasing preference towards scooters, which is outpacing motorcycle sales in India – the world’s largest two-wheeler market. Scooter sales expanded by a fourth in the first two months of current fiscal as compared to 4% growth for motorcycle sales.

 Tell me more: 17.5 million two-wheelers were sold in 2016-17, as compared to 13.4 million in 2011-12.

 

ENDS

 

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Americans’ insurance loss

60%

What is it? The estimated percentage of traders who don’t have access to computers, according to the Confederation of All Indian Traders (CAIT) – a trade body.

Why is it important? Traders with turnover above Rs 20 lakh per year are required to file returns online – thrice a month – under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime that will be rolled out from July 1. CAIT estimates 35 million out of the 60 million small firms will be eligible to file returns under GST.

Tell me more: Traders whose turnover is between Rs 20 lakh and Rs 75 lakh can opt for composition scheme and can file returns once a quarter.

 

 

43%

What is it? The growth in disbursements of housing loans below Rs 10 lakh during last financial year ended March 2017. In comparison, loans above Rs 25 lakh shrunk by 1%.

Why is it important? Growth in disbursements of loans below Rs 10 lakh is an indicator of people taking advantage of government’s credit linked subsidy scheme for families earning less than Rs 12 lakh per annum. Central government is pushing affordable housing to meet the unmet housing needs in both rural and urban areas.

Tell me more: Under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, people earning upto Rs 12 lakh per annum will get interest subsidy of 4% on their home loans. Mortgage loans below Rs 10 lakh account for only one-fourth of the total loan portfolio in 2015.

 

 

22 million 

What is it? The number of Americans who will lose health insurance if the Better Care Reconciliation Act of 2017, which is pushed forward by the Republican party. Better Care will replace Affordable Care Act, which reduced number of uninsured from 50 million to less than 27 million in 2016.

Why is it important? 49 million Americans (or 15% of US population) will not have health insurance by 2026. US is the only developed economy that does not have a universal health coverage.

Tell me more: Health expenditure per capita in US is $ 7,900 as compared to $ 3,233 in other developed economies, and $ 132 in India. Numbers are in purchasing power parity basis.

 

 

Rs 85.03 crore

What is it? The amount of money returned to Sahara India’s bondholders by market regulator, the Securities Exchange Board of India till March 2017.

Why is it important? Five years have passed after the SEBI passed an order asking Sahara to refund money to the bondholders. Subsequently, the Supreme Court had asked Sahara to deposit the same with the market regulator. So far, Sahara has deposited Rs 11,798 crore and SEBI has been able to refund only Rs 85 crore.

Tell me more: Sahara had raised the money without the approval of SEBI, which asked the company to refund the entire amount. Sahara had claimed it has refunded 95% of the bondholders.

 

 

34%

What is it? Market share of scooters in the domestic two-wheeler market during 2016-17.

Why is it important? Indicates increasing preference towards scooters, which is outpacing motorcycle sales in India – the world’s largest two-wheeler market. Scooter sales expanded by a fourth in the first two months of current fiscal as compared to 4% growth for motorcycle sales.

Tell me more: 17.5 million two-wheelers were sold in 2016-17, as compared to 13.4 million in 2011-12.

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Digital pink slips

~1000

What is it? The number of senior/mid level Infosys employees who might be asked to leave the company.

Why is it important? It comes on the back of news about layoffs at Wipro and Cognizant, and together they underline the pressure IT majors are facing on business and regulatory fronts. Wipro recently said that if the demand doesn’t improve it might let go of 10% of its employees. Last week, Cognizant announced a voluntary separation programme for directors.

Tell me more: A recent pressure for IT companies came from the visa restrictions imposed by the United States, the sector’s largest source of revenue. Infosys recently announced it would hire about 10,000 employees in the US in the next two years.

181

What is it? The number of wickets taken by cricketer Jhulan Goswami in one day international tournaments.

Why is it important? It makes Goswami the top wicket taker in women’s one day internationals. The position was previously held by Australian bowler Cathryn Fitzpatrick, who held the record for nearly 10 years.

Tell me more: Goswami played a total of 153 matches and bowled 1238.4 overs, against Fitzpatrick’s 109 matches and 1002.5 overs. Goswami claimed the wicket of South Africa’s Raisibe Ntozakhe to break Fitzpatrick’s record. Goswami made her debut in 2002.

 

$40 million

What is it? The amount Vijay Mallya is said to have received from Diageo in February last year.

Why is it important?  In violation of Supreme Court directions to use the money to repay loans, Mallya allegedly transferred the amount to his children. The court now holds him guilty of contempt and has directed him to appear before it on July 10. Mallya is facing cases for default of about Rs 9000 crore in loans to various banks, and is in United Kingdom at present.

Tell me more: Efforts are on to extradite Mallya from UK. Enforcement Directorate is making an additional case for extradition on the evidence of money laundering.

 

277,000

What is it? The number of passenger vehicles sold in April in India, according to Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers.

Why is it important? This is up 15% from 242,000 vehicles sold in April 2016, indicating that the impact of demonesation is wearing off. Analysts believe that the pent up demand could push automobile sales further during rest of the year.

Tell me more: Passenger cars (excluding SUVs and vans) sales went up 17.36% to 190,000 units April, largely driven by compact cars. Buyers picked up 7.34% more two wheelers in April compared to year ago period. However, commercial vehicles and three wheeler sales dropped.

 

$1,747.89

What is it? The close price of cryptocurrency Bitcoin on BitStamp platform on Tuesday.

Why is it important? Crossing the $1700 mark is an important milestone for Bitcoin, which continues to face skepticism from several quarters. The currency hit its all time high by surging over 80% in value since the beginning of this year. Starting April, Bitcoins became a legal tender in Japan, where it is trading at $1835 a coin.

Tell me more: As Bitcoin’s price surge in the market, businesses increasingly see more value in blockchain, the currency’s underlying technology.

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News in Numbers, June 24, 2016: CNG-powered two-wheelers in India, voters say yes to Brexit…

10

What is it? The number of popular iconic places that will be cleaned up/maintained to international standards. It includes Taj Mahal, Jagannath Temple, Tirupati and Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus.

Why is it important? If successful, it would provide a fillip to tourism, to the Indian government’s Swachh Bharat Mission and could have a trickle-down effect on the other monuments and religious structures. At a two-day workshop next month, experts would be consulted to make site-specific plans, fix international standards and decide on the timeline and financial resources required. The World Bank would provide technical assistance for the same.

Tell me more: Besides these iconic places, the government is working on creating standard operating procedures to improve cleanliness in popular national parks, sanctuaries and tiger reserves including Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Gir Wildlife Sanctuary and Flamingo Sanctuary.

 

$1.17 billion

What is it? The amount Tata Sons has been ordered by the London Court of International Arbitration to pay to Japan’s largest mobile-phone carrier NTT Docomo for breach of an agreement over Tata Teleservices.

Why is it important? This is a victory for Docomo, though it’s unclear if Tata Sons would make the payment. In 2014, Docomo had exercised its right to ask Tata Sons to find a buyer for its stake at a fair price of 50% of the acquired cost (whichever was higher). However, Tata failed to find a buyer and India’s central bank did not allow it to buy the stake due to a rule that prevents foreign buyers from selling their stakes in Indian companies at a predetermined price.

Tell me more: Docomo paid $2.6 billion in 2009 and 2011 for a 26.5% stake in Tata Teleservices.

 

50

What is it? The number of Honda Activas that would be retro-fitted with CNG (compressed natural gas) kits as part of the government’s pilot programme.

Why is it important? This is the first time that India will have two-wheelers running on CNG to determine their efficiency and emission rates. Based on its success, this would be available for the public. The CNG-vehicles would have 75% and 20% less hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions (according to the manufacturer of the kits) and the running cost on CNG is estimated to be 40% lower than that of petrol.

Tell me more: The CNG kits are made by the Indian arm of Iranian firm ITUK Manufacturing at its Pune factory and the pilot is being conducted by GAIL (India) and Indraprastha Gas Ltd. The retrofitted two-wheelers would be given to the delivery boys of Domino’s Pizza for free.

 

71

What is it? The number of BSE 100 companies that fully complied with disclosure norms in 2015, according to India Disclosure Index 2016 by FTI Consulting.

Why is it important? This is up from 41% in 2015, suggesting better compliance of reporting and disclosure rules by the top 100 large-size companies on the Bombay Stock Exchange, though still nearly a third are not up to the mark. Just 3% of the top 100 companies had mandatory disclosure scores of less than 2.5 (out of 4) compared to over half of the companies scoring lesser than 2.5 in 2015.

Tell me more: In terms of voluntary disclosure, the average score of the BSE 100 companies marginally improved from 3.5 (out of 6) in 2015 to 3.7. However, over three-fourths of the companies did not provide enough information on risk management metrics while 37% did not provide convenient whistleblowing mechanisms to report fraud or unethical practices in their firms.

 

51.8%

What is it? Percentage of voters who want the United Kingdom to leave the European Union (at around 10 am Indian time).

Why is it important? Though this is not legally binding, the government may not go against the will of the people expressed in the referendum. It is the first time that a full member has voted to leave the 28-nation political and economic union. Those favouring the exit argue that the UK would be free from the EU’s undue bureaucratic, legal and financial control and prevent the free movement of EU nationals into the UK. Those against leaving fear that UK’s economy would be hit, jobs would be lost and the rate of growth would go down to 3-6%.

Tell me more: The Brexit may affect the 800 Indian companies in the UK, which employ over a lakh people. The annual profit of Jaguar Land Rover, owned by the Tata Group, is reportedly estimated to decline by around $1.47 billion in the next 10 years.

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