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In The Making: The Largest Ever Tech Takeover

 

Broadcom has offered to acquire smartphone chipmaker Qualcomm. The average surface temperature is above that of pre-industrial era’s now. Telangana government has decided to supply electricity to the farm sector for the whole day for 4-5 days.

 

$105 billion

What is it? The value of the offer in cash and stock by Broadcom to acquire smartphone chipmaker Qualcomm.

Why is it important? If it goes through, it would be the largest-ever takeover in the technology sector, and Broadcom would become the third-largest chipmaker after Intel and Samsung. However, Qualcomm, which is in the midst of a $38.5 billion takeover of NXP Semiconductor, is likely to reject the bid on the argument that it undervalues the company. Further, this deal would face tough anti-trust scrutiny.

Tell me more: Including debt, the total transaction value would be $130 billion. Qualcomm is currently fighting a legal battle with Apple and facing an anti-trust investigation in Europe.

 

1.1° Celsius

What is it? The amount which the average surface temperature was above the pre-industrial era from January to September 2017, according to the United Nations’ World Meteorological Organization.

Why is it important? This has set 2017 to be on course to be among the three hottest years on record, which means many high-impact events such as floods, catastrophic hurricanes, heatwaves and droughts. The warning signs for governments to act couldn’t be more compelling as long-term indicators of climate change worsen, including a rise in sea levels, and increasing carbon dioxide concentrations and ocean acidification.

Tell me more: As many as 200 countries began discussions in Germany on Monday to strengthen a global climate accord even as the United States plans to quit.

 

714

What is it? The number of Indians whose names figure in the ‘Paradise Papers’, a global investigation that reveals financial dealings in tax havens of some of the world’s most powerful people and companies.

Why is it important? The income tax department and the capital market regulator said on Monday they would investigate if any of these people were involved in illegal transactions. The Central Board of Direct Taxes has asked its investigation arm to re-check tax returns filed by individuals and companies named in the Paradise Papers. And the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) will seek information from stock exchanges on listed companies’ offshore entities, which will be matched with statutory disclosures.

Tell me more: Of the 180 countries featured in Paradise Papers, India ranks 19th in terms of number of names.

 

24 hours

What is it? The number of hours a day the Telangana government is aiming to provide power supply to the farm sector for “five to six days” this week, beginning Monday.

Why is it important? This dry run of sorts is a precursor to its goal of 24×7 power being available to all 31 districts from March-April 2018. Usually, state governments have focused on subsidising power to the farm sector, whereas Telangana, on the face of it, is strengthening delivery.

Tell me more: In the April to September 2017 period, Telangana registered a 25% increase in power generated on a year-on-year basis, which was next only to the much-smaller states of Sikkim and Meghalaya.

 

$9.75 million

What is it? The interest payment on a dollar-denominated debt instrument that Reliance Communications missed on Monday.

Why is it important? This is the first debt-related default in a foreign currency by the Anil Ambani-owned company, whose telecom business lies in shambles, and which is now dependent on asset sales and lender restructuring to salvage an exit.

Tell me more: Elsewhere, it was a red-letter day for a part of Ambani’s financial services business: the company that manages his group’s mutual fund business listed yesterday and closed at a 13% premium to its issue price.

 

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16 numbers to remember 2016 by

This piece originally appeared on Livemint.com

 

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4 innings

Virat Kohli played this many innings less than Joe Root’s (37 versus 41) while racking up a near-similar count of runs across all three formats in 2016 ( 2,595 versus 2,570 ). Kohli and Root finished Nos.1 and 2 in runs scored, but the Indian batted at another level, returning a Bradmanesque 86 runs per innings—76 in Tests, 92 in One Dayers and 107 in T20s—against Root’s 50. And he also led the Test side to an undefeated year, with 9 wins in 12 matches.

18 years, 228 days

At that fresh age, Max Verstappen became the youngest winner of a Formula One race. He made a shining claim to being the next big thing in F1: swallowing slower cars, hustling faster ones, testing the limits of driving ethics unapologetically. “I’m not here to finish fourth,” he once told his team boss over car radio, when asked to preserve a position and not overtake.

92 years

Tennis player Nora Polley was the first Indian woman to participate in the Olympics, in the 1924 Paris Games. Weightlifter Karnam Malleswari was the first Indian woman to win a medal, a bronze, in 2000. It took till Rio this year, 92 years after Polley, that an Indian woman won an Olympic silver. That’s the kind of Olympic history 21-year-old P.V. Sindhu made in 2016.

Business

96% erosion

Before Google and Facebook, there was Yahoo. And then, there wasn’t. A poster child of the Internet in the 1990s, valued once at $125 billion, Yahoo had been in decline for many years. Its main operating business was sold to US telecom company Verizon for $4.8 billion, at a difference of 96% from its peak valuation. One magazine called it the “saddest $5 billion deal in tech history”.

2 companies

The number of firms in the 30-share BSE Sensex whose chairperson is older than 78-year-old Ratan Tata. In the biggest story of corporate India in 2016, Tata Sons removed Cyrus Mistry as chairman of the Tata group and brought back Ratan Tata—his predecessor, who instituted reductions in age for key Tata positions—as interim chairman. It triggered a wave of firings, resignations, recriminations, letters and lawsuits.

Queue_at_Bank_to_Exchange_INR_500_and_1000_Notes_-_Salt_Lake_City_-_Kolkata_2016-11-10_02103

38% replacement

On 8 November, in an attempt to call out black money, the government called back all Rs500 and Rs1,000 notes. In one stroke, 86% of the currency in circulation was rendered worthless. Cash curbs followed. The government asked citizens for 50 days to restore normalcy. As of 19 December, only Rs5.92 trillion, or 38% of the cancelled amount, had been put back into circulation, suggesting more pain in early 2017.

 

Culture

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Rs 100 cr collections

If Eid belongs to Salman Khan and Diwali to Shah Rukh Khan, Aamir Khan has come to own Christmas. And how. ‘Taare Zameen Par’, ‘Ghajini’, ‘3 Idiots’, ‘Dhoom 3’, ‘PK’ and, in 2016, ‘Dangal’. On its first weekend, ‘Dangal’ crossed Rs100 crore in ticket sales. It’s on pace to mount a serious challenge to ‘Sultan’, the biggest-grossing Hindi film of 2016 so far, and ‘PK’, which holds the all-time record for Hindi films.

75 minutes

They popped up in parks and in medical wards. And people, about 500 million of them, reached for their smartphones to ‘capture’ them. ‘Pokemon GO’, a mobile game that picks up a user’s location to flash virtual creatures, called Pokemon, in their surroundings with the aim of catching them, was one of the most used and profitable apps in 2016. In its first week, users averaged 75 minutes per day on the Pokemon app—more than WhatsApp, Instagram and Snapchat.

119 albums

Life called time on five shining stars of popular music, who left behind bodies of work and personal statements that were rich in texture and wide in appeal. Between them, Prince, David Bowie, Leonard Cohen, George Michael and Rick Parfitt (of Status Quo) released 119 studio albums and sold an estimated 500 million records.

Politics

53 days

Count the costs. By various estimates, 85 civilians and two policemen died. Another 13,000 civilians and 4,000 police personnel were injured. For 53 days, the Kashmir Valley was under curfew, its longest spell ever. The killing of Hizbul Mujahideen separatist Burhan Wani by security forces in an encounter saw major protests erupt across Kashmir. Security forces responded to the throwing of stones by protestors by using pellet guns, which, while intended to be ‘non-lethal’, resulted in serious injuries, including blindness.

$14 billion wealth

Not in living memory has a US president caused such divide. Or, fear and loathing. The $14 billion combined wealth of president-elect Donald Trump’s top appointments—which are still getting made—might be the highest ever in a presidential team. Democrat rival Bernie Sanders called it a “cabinet of billionaires”. Trump remains unfazed. His top team includes Rex Tillerson of Exxon, Gary Cohn of Goldman Sachs, and billionaires Todd Ricketts (net worth $5.3 billion) and Betsy DeVos ($5.1 billion).

Planet

0.94 degree Celsius

The earth continues to heat up. Average global temperature between January and November 2016 was above the 20th century average of 14 degrees Celsius by 0.94 degree Celsius, according to the US’ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Noaa). By comparison, the average of records between 1880 and 2015 show a rise of 0.04 degree Celsius. This is likely to make 2016 the hottest year on record; 16 of the 17 hottest years on record then would belong to this century (the one remaining is 1998).

0 good-air days

This was the year when air purifiers entered Indian homes and took their place next to inverters and water filters as exhibits of state or human failing. Data compiled by the Central Pollution Control Board in 2016 on monitoring done in 2015 showed that 13 Indian cities with a combined population of about 41 million people had fewer than 20% good-air days (of the total days monitored). Mumbai had 13% good-air days in 2015, Delhi had 4%. Varanasi, Gwalior and Allahabad did not have a single good-air day.

Technology

Dublin, Wednesday 31th October 2013: Pictured at the The Web Summit 2013, RDS. Photo by Dan Taylor/Heisenberg Media
Dublin, Wednesday 31th October 2013: Pictured at the The Web Summit 2013, RDS. Photo by Dan Taylor/Heisenberg Media (Sourced from Wikipedia)

719,000 transactions

Today, it pales before mobile wallets like Paytm, but the Unified Payments Interface (UPI) is one to watch. A digital-payments option designed for mobiles, and aimed at making money transfer as easy as sending an SMS, UPI allows money transfer between bank accounts without using an intermediary (like Paytm). Part of a series of digital public infrastructure built around Aadhaar, UPI has been integrated into the Android apps of over 30 banks. Against 287,000 transactions in November, UPI clocked 719,000 in the first fortnight of December as demonetization nudged more to check out digital options for payments.

$200,000 ticket

Entrepreneur Elon Musk unveiled an ambitious plan to make humans multi-planetary species: high-powered, reusable rockets and large ships that can ferry about 100 earthlings at a time to Mars in 80 days. Musk believes the cost of a trip can be brought to $200,000 (Rs1.36 crore), even $100,000 as the operation scales up. Often compared to Steve Jobs, Musk sees the first flight blast-off in a decade.

200,000 hires

The torchbearer of white-collar jobs in India is losing its flame. In 2015-16, the IT-BPO (information technology and business process outsourcing) sector hired 200,000 employees, down from 230,000 in 2014-15, due to lower demand and automation. Industry body Nasscom has lowered growth projections for the sector to 10-12% in 2016-17, from 12-14% earlier. The $28 billion BPO segment, a lead indicator for outsourcing, has been busy using technology to do jobs done by people earlier.

 

 

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The year in technology: Apple stagnates, Samsung slips, Google reboots

This piece originally appeared on Livemint.com

 

With Donald Trump’s US election sweep, the Panama leaks, the war at Tata group and the Brexit shock, 2016 has been one rollercoaster ride, topped off with a currency demonetisation that left the country staggering.

Starting today, through the coming fortnight, we tell you the tale of these and various other issues, industries and individuals through graphics.

 

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