News in numbers, Dec 16, 2015: India’s falling exports, purchasing power in 71 global cities…

$20 billion

What is it? India’s merchandise exports in November.

 

Why is it important? It fell for the 12th consecutive month, a decline of 24.4% on a year-on-year basis. Shows the effect of global meltdown, decrease in global demand and lower commodity prices on Indian exports. Fall in exports of engineering goods (fall of 28.6% in terms of value), petroleum products (54% decline) and gems and jewellery (21.5% fall) had a significant impact on overall export figures. After the financial crisis in 2008-09, India had diversified its exports towards Asian markets (accounts for half of India’s exports in 2015-16 so far) and this continent leads the fall in export growth this financial year.

 

Tell me more: Imports fell by 30.3% in last month compared to November 2014, thereby recording trade deficit of $9.7 billion this November. Since the beginning of 2015-16, exports have contracted 18.4% and imports fell by 17%.

 

73

 

What is it? Number of minutes a Delhiite needs to work to buy a kilo of rice, according to UBS’ Prices and Earnings 2015 report, which compares the purchasing power in 71 cities worldwide.

 

Why is it important? It’s an indicator of how expensive a kilo of rice is, given average wages in a city, and is useful for comparisons across geographies and over time. Delhi tops the list, ahead of Cairo (66 minutes) and Nairobi (62 minutes). A Mumbaikar can buy the same after working two-thirds of that time – or 49 minutes. Rice is the cheapest at Oslo, where one needs to work just four minutes to buy a kilo of rice.

 

Tell me more: In terms of net hourly pay, the two Indian cities in the study – Mumbai and New Delhi – figure among the bottom 10. While New Delhi is last but four, Mumbai is in the sixth position backwards.

 

0.4%

 

What is it? Share of patents in India that came from industry-academia collaboration between 2000 and 2014, according to a report by Thomson Reuters.

 

Why is it important? Shows industry – academia collaboration – which often boosts innovation – has a lot of ground to cover in India. Academia and government filed 20% of patents and the corporate segment filed over 70% between 2010 and 2014.  

 

Tell me more:  According to the study, the main focus areas in innovation in India are in the following categories: human necessities, chemistry and metallurgy, physics, performing operations and transporting and electricity.

 

Rs 4.63

 

What is it? The price at which, SBG Cleantech has bid per kilowatt-hour (kWh) to build a 350-megawatt (MW) solar project in Andhra Pradesh. SBG Cleantech is a joint venture between SoftBank Group Corp., Bharti Enterprises and Foxconn Technology Group.

 

Why is it important? The price bid is the same as the record low solar tariff when US-based Sun Edison bid for a 500 MW tender put out by NTPC in Andhra Pradesh. This could mean such low tariffs are here to stay raising concerns about the viability of such projects. Also, signals the interest by global players in India’s solar industry where the government has a solar energy target of 100 gigawatt by 2022. For SBG Cleantech, this is the first renewable energy project it has won in India after the joint venture was set up this June. SoftBank has pledged to invest $20 billion in solar energy projects in the country.

 

Tell me more: The 350 MW capacity is to come up in a solar park being developed by state-run NTPC and it would buy the power produced from the plant.

 

 

What is it? The amount the two new Indian Premier League (IPL) franchises – Pune and Rajkot – have spent to acquire five players each for the upcoming IPL season in 2016 at the draft conducted in Mumbai on Tuesday.

 

Why is it important? With a salary cap of Rs 66 crore for the players, both the teams are now left with Rs 27 crore each (40.9%) to buy the rest of the squad.

 

Tell me more: While Pune owned by Kolkata-based New Rising picked up MS Dhoni for the stipulated price of Rs 12.5 crore, Suresh Raina was the first preference for Rajkot owned by Intex Mobiles who was bought for the same price.

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News in numbers, Dec 9, 2015: Job creation numbers, India’s missing women and children…

 

43,000

 

What is it? Net fall in jobs in textiles, automobiles, leather, metals, gems and jewellery, transportation, information technology/business process outsourcing (IT/BPO) and handloom/powerloom sectors in the April-June quarter this year, compared to the previous quarter, per quarterly employment survey.

 

Why is it important? This is a four-quarter low for job creation in manufacturing and export-oriented sectors. Despite a 7% GDP growth recorded in the first quarter of 2015-16, dismal job creation numbers show economic recovery is slower than expected and still has a long way to go.

 

Tell me more: Automobiles and textiles and apparels reported the largest decrease in jobs in the April-June 2015 quarter: 18,000 and 17,000 respectively.

 

1.35 lakh

 

What is it? Number of missing women in India as of November 30, 2015, as per government records.

 

Why is it important? That is an increase of 41% from nearly a year ago. Trafficking of women and children for various purposes such as for domestic help, forced marriages, sexual exploitation, forced labour, begging rackets and stealing of organs, is a major problem in India. According to non-governmental organisation, Prajwala, which had moved the Supreme Court against trafficking of women and girls, as many as 200,000 women and children are inducted into the flesh trade every year.

 

Tell me more: The number of missing children as of November was 61,000, an increase of 34.5% from December 2014. The Indian government has approved the setting up of 150 specialised investigative units on crimes against women in states and union territories on a 50:50 fund sharing basis.

 

Rs 1,427 crore

 

What is it? The amount Flipkart India and Flipkart Internet borrowed from banks by pledging their assets in the August-October period this year.

 

Why is it important? High growth companies such as Flipkart tend to avoid debt, because it comes with interest costs, and other risks related to default. Instead, they go for venture capital funding. In fact, Flipkart has raised $3.2 billion since inception – and over 80% of it in the last two years.

 

Tell me more: Flipkart India and Flipkart Internet reported a loss of Rs 2,000 crore in 2014-15, three times the loss it posted the previous financial year.

 

Rs 65-70 crore

 

What is it? The amount the two new Indian Premier League franchisees for Pune and Rajkot will forego from the central pool of the league’s revenue to be a part of IPL.

 

Why is it important? Shows the intensity of competition for the franchise. In fact, New Rising Promoters and Intex Technologies would be paying BCCI Rs 16 crore and Rs 10 crore respectively, per year for the teams. Power utility CESC Ltd chairman Sanjiv Goenka’s New Rising won Pune by bidding minus Rs 16 crore while mobile phone maker Intex Technologies got Rajkot by bidding minus Rs 10 crore. In a reverse bidding process by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), the companies that bid for the lowest amount to be received from the central pool for the teams, are declared winners.

 

Tell me more: These two teams would replace Chennai Super Kings and Rajasthan Royals for two years.

 

Rs 5,000

 

What is it? Flight ticket prices (starting range) to fly from Mumbai to Goa between December 20 and January 1.

 

Why is it important? This is half of the ticket prices that reigned five years ago between the same sectors. And, Goa is one of the busiest places to holiday in Christmas/New Year season. Fuel prices at a near seven-year low and increase in capacity have led to this drop.

 

Tell me more: The average airfare between the New Delhi-Mumbai sector in December 2015 is Rs 4,984 compared to Rs 5,581 in 2010.

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News In Numbers – July 20


News In Numbers: July 20

 

70%

Of the officers who joined the Indian Police Service (IPS) between 2011 and 2013, 70% come from non-traditional backgrounds for civil services such as medicine, engineering, arts and management. The Bureau of Police Research and Development is picking up some of the innovative policing initiatives of such officers for its national ‘SMART’ policing programme. The Indian government is planning to set up a ‘SMART’ police station in each state soon. India is facing a shortage of IPS officers: 23% of the authorised IPS officer strength was vacant, as on January 1, 2013.

 

3 years

The lock-in period of promoters’ pre-listing capital on the Bombay Stock Exchange’s SME (small and medium enterprises) platform, as proposed by taxation consultancy PwC. This includes preferential allotments as well and is intended to check tax evasion and other fraudulent activities. A total of 100 firms are on the BSE SME platform. The capital market regulator recently banned four companies and 235 entities (including individuals) for misusing the platform to make illegal gains of Rs 614 crore through suspected money laundering and tax evasion activities. The SMEs listed on this platform have raised over Rs 750 crore as on July 17, 2015.

 

15,000 mw

India plans to award solar contracts for the supply of 15,000 MW this year. The government has set a target of installing 100,000 MW of solar power by 2022, which would entail a capital investment of about $200 billion. In 2014-15, the cumulative solar power capacity in India was about 3,744 MW, accounting for about 10.5% of the total renewable energy generated in the country.

 

23

The number of people in Tamil Nadu who committed suicides in 2014 because of “ideological causes or hero worship”. The southern state, which witnesses fans offering milk, coconuts, fruits and flowers (as a form of worship) to the banners of their favourite actors, accounts for the highest number of deaths among all states due to hero worship. Tamil Nadu also accounts for over 500 suicides due to “love failures”, the second highest in the country. Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal accounted for over a third of the total number suicides in India in 2014.

 

10 million

The Central Board of Direct Taxes has issued an order to its regional offices to bring in an additional 10 million people under the tax net within this financial year. In the region-wise list, Pune region has the highest target of bringing in over 10% of the total number of to-be-assessees. As of now, about 35 million, or about 3% of the Indian population, pays taxes.

 

 

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