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Just How Bad is The Crime Rate In Delhi?

Last week, the National Crime Records Bureau released crime data for 2016, and that showed Delhi to continue being the crime capital in several categories.

NCRB categorizes crimes under 18 heads, and releases data for each at two geographical levels: by states and by 19 metropolitan cities with a population above 2 million. Delhi had the overall worst crime rate among all states, of 975 crimes per 100,000 people. The next worst was Kerala: 727.

Just how bad is it to be living as a woman or a child in Delhi? The visualization below captures the severity of Delhi’s crime rate in select categories with respect to other states. Seen another way, it shows when people come from another state to Delhi, what are they coming to in terms of crime and safety?

The smallest icons (first row) show states that are just as bad as Delhi in the particular crime metric: for example, the rate of crime against women in Assam is close to Delhi. And the largest icons (last low) show states with low crime rates. Nagaland, for example, had the lowest crime rate against women; in comparison to it, Delhi’s crime rate was 17 times Nagaland.

In terms of bigger states, Delhi’s rate of crime against women was thrice as bad as that of Maharashtra, and twice as bad as Madhya Pradesh.

The stark gap between Delhi and other states is also seen in crimes against children.

 

 

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crime

Delhi Leads. In Crimes.

 

India grew at a faster pace, that ended a five-quarter slide in GDP. While economy is doing well,  nation is degrading socially and more so the capital, Delhi. The city led is highest number of crimes against women, foreigners, children and basically against everybody. Down south, Kerala and Kanyakumari were hammered by a cyclonic storm called ‘Ockhi’. And, our one rupee note has turned 100. Something to cheer for? Maybe for collectors.

 

6.3%

What is it? The economic growth rate of India in the July-September quarter of 2017-18.

Why is it important? This is an uptick from the 5.7% recorded in the previous quarter, which was the lowest in three years, and also ends a five-quarter slide. This could be a sign of businesses adjusting to the new normal after last year’s currency ban and the roll-out of GST (goods and services tax). It remains to be seen if economic growth gains momentum in the next few quarters; most multilateral organisations such as the International Monetary Fund, Asian Development Bank and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development have lowered their growth forecasts for the Indian economy for 2017-18.

Tell me more: The government also released another set of data yesterday that showed that India’s fiscal deficit hit 96.1% of the full-year budget estimate.

 

974.9

What is it? The crime rate—crime per lakh of population—under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) in Delhi in 2016, according to latest data released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB).

Why is it important? Delhi’s crime rate is the highest among all states and union territories. It has increased from 916.8 in 2015 and accounted for 7% of all IPC crimes in India in 2016, highlighting the need for stringent measures to maintain law and order in the capital. It led all states in theft cases and seizure of fake currency notes. Among 19 major cities, it accounted for the maximum number of rape cases, the highest crime rate against women, the highest number of cases of kidnapping and abduction and murder cases, the maximum number of cases of juveniles in conflict with the law, and the maximum economic offence cases.

Tell me more: Among states, Uttar Pradesh, which accounted for 9.5% of total IPC crimes in the country, reported the highest number of murder cases, crimes against women, kidnapping and abduction, highest number of cases of atrocities against scheduled castes, cyber crimes and the maximum number of seizures of arms.

 

8

What is it? The number of deaths in Kanyakumari and Kerala in rain-related incidents caused by a cyclonic storm called ‘Ockhi’ (named by Bangladesh after the Bengali word for ‘eye’).

Why is it important? Moderate to heavy rainfall is expected until Friday night in some southern districts in Tamil Nadu and Kerala. There are chances that the storm could intensify into a severe cyclone by today before reaching Lakshadweep on Saturday. A search operation is on to find 13 missing fishermen from Kanyakumari who had gone out in the sea, while another 200 are reportedly missing off the coast of Thiruvananthapuram. Heavy rains in Tamil Nadu earlier this month had sparked fears of a 2015-like floods that killed over 400 people.

Tell me more: Two teams consisting of 60 members from the National Disaster Response Force have been sent to Kanyakumari, while another team of 47 would be stationed in Kochi to provide help in Lakshadweep.

 

100 years

What is it? The number of years that the Re 1 note in India has been in existence.

Why is it important? In November 1994, the central bank had stopped printing the Re 1 note mainly due to its high cost and to free up capacity to print currency notes of higher denominations. But in May 2017, it said it would resume their printing. The Re 1 note has immense value among collectors.

Tell me more: A bundle of 100 Re 1 notes reportedly sell for Rs 600 in grey markets of Zaveri Bazaar in Mumbai and Chandni Chowk in Delhi.

 

5

What is it? The number of birdies carded by Tiger Woods in the first round of the Hero World Challenge in The Bahamas. Woods finished with a round of 69, 3 under par and 3 strokes behind the leader.

Why is it important? This was Woods’ first round of competitive golf in 301 days and follows a fourth surgery on his back. The former world number 1, who has won the second-most majors in the history of golf (14), is looking to resume his pursuit of the record of 18 majors held by Jack Nicklaus. In 2008, at the age of 32, Woods won title number 14 and was seen as the overwhelming favorite to overhaul Nicklaus.

Tell me more: Tommy Fleetwood led the field after the first round with a score of 66. He was followed by Robbie Fowler and Matt Kuchar, who both carded 67.

 

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News in Numbers, Aug 31, 2016: Trade unions to go on strike, decline in crimes against women…

Rs 350

What is it? The minimum wage for semi-skilled non-agricultural workers, up from Rs 246 per government announcement on Tuesday.

Why is it important? This, along with the announcement that bonuses for 2014-15 and 2015-16 would be paid to central government employees, was an attempt by the government to prevent trade unions from going on a nationwide strike on September 2. The trade unions have rejected the new minimum wage hike proposal. This means that banks, government offices and factories would remain closed this Friday.

Tell me more: The demands of the unions include a minimum wage of Rs 18,000 per month (as against the government’s offer of Rs 9,100), social security for workers, increased pension of not less than Rs 3,000 per month for all sectors (for unorganised workers, too) and removal of foreign direct investment from railways, defence and other strategic sectors.

 

Rs 329.93 crore

What is it? The value of unaccounted cash, jewellery, movable and immovable assets reportedly seized by the Income Tax (IT) department in raids between January-July 2016.

Why is it important? This is over thrice the amount seized (Rs 102.5 crore) in such raids by the department in the corresponding period last year, indicating that the government is stepping up measures to crackdown on the black money problem in the country. The number of IT raids and searches, seizures made and the untaxed income surrendered to the government – are reportedly the highest in nearly five years. The amount surrendered in the first seven months of this year (Rs 3,360 crore) is 56.5% higher than that received in the same period a year ago.

Tell me more: The government has asked people to declare their undisclosed wealth under a one-time compliance window before September 30, after which they would face stringent action including imprisonment.

 

2.17

What is it? The multiple by which patients are more likely to die when operated on at night compared to those operated on during the day, according to a research. This is based on 30-day survival rates for patients at a Canadian hospital and the results are yet to be published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Why is it important? The reasons for this could possibly include staffing shortages during the night, fatigue among medical staff and delay in treatments, according to the researchers. This could prompt further research into understanding postoperative mortality and its link with the time of the day/night and find out ways to reduce it for surgeries done in the night or late in the day (when patients are 1.43 times more likely to die than those operated on during regular working hours).

Tell me more: The research included study of 41,176 emergency and routine operations done on 33,942 patients between April 2010 and March 2015. The operations were divided into three time blocks: between 7.30 am to 3.29 pm, 3.29 pm to 11.29 pm, and 11.30 pm to 7.29 am.

 

327,394

What is it? The number of crimes against women in 2015, a 3.1% decrease from that recorded in 2014 (337,922), according to the National Crime Records Bureau data released on Tuesday.

Why is it important? Despite the small dip in the number of cases, the instances of attempts to rape (4.8%), kidnappings (3.4%), sexual harassment (9.6%) and assaults (0.2%) have increased in 2015 over the previous year. The number of rapes (7.4%), gangrapes (9.9%) and dowry deaths (9.7%) have seen a decline in the same period.

Tell me more: Uttar Pradesh (10.9% of the total), West Bengal (10.1%) and Maharashtra (9.5%) top the list in terms of number of crimes against women. In terms of crime rate (incidence of sexual offences per 100,000 women), Delhi recorded the highest (43.6) followed by Odisha (22.2) and Assam (20.6).

 

25%

What is it? The reservation proposed by Social Justice Minister Ramdas Athawale for the economically backward (whose annual income is less than Rs 6 lakh) among the upper castes.

Why is it important? This means the maximum reservation limit has to be increased from the current 49.5% to 75% to include the economically backward communities including Gujjars, Patels, Rajputs, Brahmins, Marathas and Jats. This could be a result of agitations for reservations in education and government jobs by some communities such as the Patidars (or Patel), Jats and Marathas. A constitutional amendment would be required to bring about this increase.

Tell me more: The scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward castes have 15%, 7.5% and 27% reservation respectively.

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News in numbers, Jan 12, 2016: India’s spend to curb road accidents, CAT 2015’s toppers…

 

10%

 

What is it? The maximum a mutual funds can allot from its net assets to debt issued by a single company, according to new rules introduced by the market regulator. It was 15% earlier.

 

Why is it important? Mutual funds will have to expand the pool of companies to invest in. The new rule was introduced when investment by an Indian unit of JP Morgan in debt by Amtek Auto turned bad after credit rating agencies downgraded the auto parts maker. A JP Morgan fund held 20% in Amtek Auto’s debt. These restrictions would force mutual funds to invest in companies, which they would not have previously considered and this could prove to be riskier, according to Murthy Nagarajan, head of fixed income at Quantum Asset Management.

 

Tell me more: Mutual funds can now hold up to 20% of their net assets in companies belonging to the same corporate group while exposure to a single sector is now limited to 25% of their net assets.

 

Rs 11,000 crore

 

What is it? The amount Indian government plans to spend over the next five years to curb road accidents in the country, mainly by fixing 700 odd accident prone locations.

 

Why is it important? This is part of the national plan to reduce number of deaths due to road accidents by half in the next five years. On an average, 51 people road accidents took place every one hour in 2014 wherein 16 were killed, as per data from the National Crime Records Bureau. A total of 4.5 lakh road accidents were recorded in 2014, leaving 4.8 lakh people injured and causing the deaths of 1.41 lakh people. And, according to Nitin Gadkari, Union Minister of Road, Transport and Highways, road accidents cause an annual loss of Rs 55,000-60,000 crore, about 3% of India’s GDP.

 

Tell me more: The government has already started working on 10 black spots, or accident prone areas (such as Sarai Kale Khan and Shahdara Flyover) in Delhi.

 

172,671

 

What is it? The number of cars sold in December in India.

 

Why is it important? The highest number of cars sold in a December season. December is considered a slow month for car sales as buyers tend to postpone purchase during the new year – for sentimental and resale price reasons. However this December, discounts and  lower loan rates – average loan rates of nationalised banks are down to 10.2% from 11.1% in December 2014 – seem to have worked.

 

Tell me more: However, two-wheeler sales declined by 3.1% in December, reflecting poor demand, according to Vishnu Mathur, director general of the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM). The overall industry sales including passenger vehicles, three-wheelers, buses, trucks and two-wheelers fell by 0.17%.

 

17

 

What is it? The number of students in the 100th percentile in the Common Admission Test (CAT), the entrance examination for business schools including the prestigious IIMs (Indian Institutes of Management) in 2015.

 

Why is it important? All the 17 toppers have an engineering degree, underscoring the importance of quantitative skills in MBA entrance exam. Around 75-90% of students at the IIMs are from engineering backgrounds. Recently the test format was changed to include descriptive questions to appeal to students with non-engineering backgrounds, besides conducting tests in more centres/cities to attract a broader set of candidates. The impact of these changes are yet to be known.

 

Tell me more: Of the top 17 students, one is a woman. A total of 1.8 lakh students took the test, of which nearly a third were women.

 

5.6%

 

What is it? Likely increase in consumer prices in December from a year ago period, according to a Reuters poll of economists.

 

Why is it important? This is higher than November’s consumer inflation at 5.41%, which was the highest in 14 months. If this happens, this would be the fifth consecutive increase on a monthly basis. A deficient rainfall in 2015 and poor crop output has led to the increase in food prices, especially those of pulses, which increased 46% in November compared to a year ago. This is likely to prevent the Reserve Bank of India from effecting any downward revision of interest rates. It also increases the central bank’s challenges of keeping retail inflation under 6% this month and 5% by March 2017.

 

Tell me more: India has revised its economic growth target to 7% from 7.5% due to low farm production and declining exports.

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