News in Numbers – September 1, 2015

News In Numbers: September 1, 2015

 

7%

The rate at which Indian economy grew in the first quarter of 2015-16, slower than the 7.5% in the previous quarter. Agriculture and manufacturing grew at a slower pace, while construction and trade, hotel, transport, communication and services related to broadcasting grew faster. Ratings agency Moody’s recently downgraded India’s GDP (gross domestic product) growth to 7%, from 7.5%, for 2015-16, Japanese brokerage Nomura has pegged the GDP growth rate at 8%. The Indian government has set a target of 8.1-8.5% for 2015-16, while the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has estimated it at 7.6%.

2

Number of banks the RBI has classified under the ‘Domestic Systemically Important Banks’ category, which means these are too big to fail: State Bank of India, India’s largest state-owned bank, and ICICI Bank, the largest in the private sector. This is the first time the central bank has made such a classification, which will be an annual exercise. SBI and ICICI will have to maintain additional capital as a certain percentage of loans, though both banks say their capital base is higher than mandated. The RBI framework for such a classification will have five buckets. The higher the number, the more systemically important a bank. SBI falls in bucket three, ICICI in bucket one.

$5.6 billion

A theoretical maximum penalty India’s competition regulator can levy on Internet giant Google, based on a calculation of 10% of its average global revenues for the past three years. The Competition Commission of India has accused Google of misusing its dominant position and unfairly promoting its other services through its search engine. In response to queries raised by CCI, 30 companies, including Makemytrip, Flipkart, Nokia’s maps division and Bharat Matrimony, have submitted their views. Google has time until 10 September to respond to CCI’s findings. Google’s search engine had a market share of 97.3% in India in July.

78

The number of days since ex-servicemen have been agitating at Jantar Mantar in Delhi demanding the implementation of one rank, one pension (OROP) in addition to annual revision of pension. Finance minister Arun Jaitley has ruled out annual revision, saying it does not happen anywhere in the world. He, however, said the government would “safeguard the interests” of soldiers who retire early by paying them higher pensions. Three more Army veterans have joined the fast-unto-death at Jantar Mantar, taking the total number of those on hunger strike to 12. About 22 lakh retired servicemen and over six lakh war widows would be the immediate beneficiaries of this scheme, if implemented.

831

The number of dengue cases reported in Delhi this year, of which 93.6% were in August alone. The overall number is the highest in five years: thrice what was recorded during 1 January to 29 August between 2011 and 2014. In the same period in 2010, the number of cases was over 1,000. This year, India recorded 9,874 dengue cases until 29 July, of which Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu accounted for 62.7%. The number of dengue deaths in India stood at 25 in the same period, with Kerala accounting for 60% of the deaths.

 

 

 

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News In Numbers – July 29

News In Numbers: July 29

 

3.5 years

The last reign of Japan’s Toyota as the world’s largest automaker by sales. On Wednesday, this ended when the numbers for the first half of 2015 were released, and Volkswagen leapfrogged Toyota to the top slot. Toyota was also number one from 2008 to 2010, before ceding it for a year to General Motors in 2011. In India, however, none of the top three global makers dominate the pecking order, which is led by Suzuki (global ranking of 9 in 2014) and Hyundai (global ranking of 4 in 2014).

 

1.5

The interest coverage ratio, a measure of the ability of companies to pay interest on their loans, of 4,797 companies from India — the lowest among countries surveyed by the International Monetary Fund. This effectively means the debt levels are at risk and could deteriorate further. Indian companies fared the worst in a recent stress test conducted by the IMF, indicating that borrowing costs and earnings would worsen if the dollar continues to appreciate. Elsewhere in the Indian economy, the total stressed advances at all banks in India increased to 11.1% of total advances in March 2015; as of December 2014, the infrastructure sector had the highest share in this.

 

28.5 years

The average age of startup founders in Bengaluru, according to a report by a San Francisco-based research firm. Thus, the city, sometimes termed “India’s Silicon Valley”, has the youngest entrepreneurs in the world, with an average age that is eight years less than that in Silicon Valley. Bangalore is the only Indian city to figure in this list of top 20 startup ecosystems in the world. Although Silicon Valley beat Bangalore in almost all aspects such as fund raised, number of women founders, number of employees with startup experience, the Indian city has a higher percentage of startups with at least one tech founder than the former.

 

Rs 32,239 crore

The loss to the government in 2014 due to counterfeiting and illicit trade in seven industries — tobacco, alcoholic beverages, auto components, computer hardware, FMCG and mobile phones — according to a FICCI report. The grey market in the tobacco industry accounted for the maximum revenue loss, nearly a quarter of the total amount mentioned above. This marks an increase of nearly 50% from 2012. Due to illicit trade, the estimated loss to these sectors increased by over 44% to Rs 1,05,381 crore in 2013-14, from Rs 72,969 crore in 2011-12.

 

27

Number of people who died in Gujarat due to incessant rains in the 48-hour period up to 4 pm on Tuesday. Banaskantha district was the worst affected, accounting for eight deaths. The National Disaster Response Force has shifted around 1,000 people to safer locations. Gujarat has received over half its average annual rainfall, of which 25% was reported in just five days till Tuesday. Last month, around 50 people reportedly lost their lives due to heavy rains in the state, with the Saurashtra region being the worst affected.

 

 

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