News in numbers, Dec 1, 2015: India’s Q2 GDP growth, pending patent applications…

 

7.4%

 

What is it? Rate at which the Indian economy grew in the July-September quarter of 2015-16.

 

Why is it important? It was 7% in the April-June quarter. It is buoyed by a 9.3% growth in manufacturing and a 6.7% increase in electricity in the September quarter. This provides a boost to the Indian government, which is trying to revive stalled projects, attract foreign investments to bring back momentum to economic recovery. Some believe the GDP numbers may prompt the Reserve Bank of India to maintain key interest rates in its fifth bimonthly monetary policy on Tuesday.

 

Tell me more: Despite a 15% drop in monsoon rains, farm output grew at 2.2% in the second quarter of 2015-16 compared to 1.9% growth in the previous quarter.

 

2.5 lakh

 

What is it? Number of patent applications pending due to shortage of manpower, according to Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman in the Parliament on Monday.

 

Why is it important? As it is, India scores poorly on patents. The number of patents granted per million population (under the Patent Cooperation Treaty) is 1.5 for India compared to China’s 11.7, USA’s 149.8 and South Korea’s 201.5. The backlog is likely to shrink. The government is in the process of filling 459 vacant posts of examiners of patents and designs and has created 263 contractual posts to fill in for the same.

 

Tell me more: The Patent Cooperation Treaty provides a unified patent filing process and helps applicants in seeking protection internationally for their inventions.

 

6.67%

 

What is it? Share of higher educational institutions in India that have women in leadership positions, according to a report.

 

Why is it important? Shows that India has a long way to go in terms of gender parity. This percentage number compares poorly with the equivalent numbers for Australia (21%), US (18%) and the UK (17%).

 

Tell me more: Across all the seven All India Institutes of Medical Sciences, 31 National Institutes of Technology and six Indian Institutes of Science Education & Research, only the NIT-Puducherry has a woman director. The report, prepared by management consulting firm EduShine Advisory Group looked at all higher educational institutions including central, state, deemed varsities, and institutes of national importance.

 

5

 

What is it? Number of currencies that will be in the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) basket of reserve currencies, with the inclusion of China’s Yuan on October 1, 2016.

 

Why is it important? This means the yuan would be more widely used in international transactions and with this, it may become cheaper for China to borrow money and it may help stabilise its currency. Analysts say this could also mean that the global economy would be much more exposed to the Chinese economy. The other reserve currencies in the basket are the US dollar, the euro, the yen and the pound.

 

Tell me more: The last change to the basket of reserve currencies was made in 2000 when the euro replaced the German mark and the franc.

 

$200 million

 

What is it? Reported deal size of online classifieds platform Quikr acquiring real estate portal CommonFloor.com, though neither of the two have confirmed the development.

 

Why is it important? Once confirmed, this would be the first large consolidation deal in the online property selling space. With this deal, Quikr would be able to strengthen its newly launched vertical, QuikrHomes, an online real estate portal.

 
Tell me more: This November, Quikr announced that it had acquired Indian Realty Exchange, a real estate agent aggregator, for an undisclosed amount.

 

 

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News in numbers, Nov 3, 2015: Coffee Day’s market debut, impact of bridging gender gap…

17.64%

What is it? The first day decline in stock price of Coffee Day Enterprises, which runs India’s largest coffee chain Cafe Coffee Day, post its listing in stock market on Monday.

Why is it important? An indicator that the shares might have been overpriced. Even during the IPO, the offer received muted response from retail and non institutional investors (these two categories were subscribed only upto 90% and 53%, respectively)

Tell me more: It remains to be seen how the other big listing by InterGlobe Aviation (which runs Indigo Airlines) would fare. It will debut later this month. The company raised Rs 3,010 crore in an initial public offering.

 

17%

What is it? India’s share of women’s contribution to the country’s GDP, according to a McKinsey Global Institute report.

Why is it important? It is 20 percentage points lower than the global average of 37%. This shows the extent of efforts India needs to take in order to come closer to gender parity.

Tell me more:  Among Indian states, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Kerala, Goa and Sikkim are the best in terms of gender parity score (GPS) ranging between 0.70 and 0.64. And, these states account only for 4% of Indian working women. Bihar, Jharkhand, Assam, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh are the worst in terms of GPS and these account for 32% of the country’s working women population.

 

2.66 lakhs

What is it? The number of cars sold by Indian carmakers in October.

Why is it important? The third highest sales recorded in a month in the history of Indian automotive industry. It’s 22% more than what they sold in October last year. Due to a prolonged economic slowdown, carmakers in India have been struggling with low demand, lesser sales and excess capacity. It remains to be seen if car sales (considered to be a proxy of how well an economy is doing) continues to grow at the same pace or faster after the festive season is over.

Tell me more: October also saw the two-wheeler segment breaking into a double-digit growth with Hero Motocorp and Honda posting their highest ever sales in a month.

 

4.4%

What is it? The percentage drop in net sales of 622 companies in the second quarter of 2015-16 compared to same period last year.

Why is it important? Shows the dominance of oil and gas sector, and the impact of petroleum prices. Excluding the four oil and gas sector majors – Reliance Industries, Cairn India, MRPL and Petronet LNG – the net sales is up 4.9%.

Tell me more: While the net sales came down, profits went up 7.2% during the quarter (and 10.1% when the four oil and gas companies are excluded).

 

Rs 2.57 crore

What is it? The average assets of MLAs who are re-contesting Bihar’s Assembly elections in 2015, according to an analysis by the Association for Democratic Reforms.

Why is it important? This is a nearly threefold jump in five years. It was Rs 86.41 lakh in 2010. Bihar MLAs’ pay package was revised to Rs 1.65 lakh per month in March 2011 and once again 2014 according to reports. But, that doesn’t completely explain the 3 fold increase.
Tell me more: Among the 160 sitting MLAs, the biggest increase in assets is for JD(U) sitting MLA, Poonam Devi Yadav, who is re-contesting from the Khagaria constituency. Her assets increased to Rs 41 crore from Rs 1.8 crore between 2010 and 2015, an increase of over 2,000%. The assets of re-contesting Congress and JD(U) MLAs grew at the fastest rate while those from the Rashtriya Janata Dal had the highest average assets at Rs 3.8 crore in 2015.  

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News in Numbers – September 7, 2015

News In Numbers: September 7, 2015

 

27%

The extent by which India’s gross domestic product (GDP) would expand if India were to have as many women workers as men workers, according to International Monetary Fund estimates. Speaking at the launch of W20, a gathering of women leaders from the world’s largest economies, including India, IMF chief Christine Lagarde said the equivalent numbers for US and Japan were just 5% and 9%, respectively. Though women account for 48.5% of India’s population, gender inequality exists in most dimensions. However, recently, India has managed to bring down gender parity in schools, where the girls-to-boy ratio in primary classes is 1.02 and 0.94 in secondary schools. Overall, India ranks a poor 127 in the United Nations Gender Inequality Index for 2013.

 

25%

Percentage of respondents in a survey by industry body Ficci that are likely to plan capacity addition in manufacturing in the next six months. The current subdued investment in manufacturing is mainly attributed to delay in clearances, poor demand and high interest rates. The respondents were from 386 manufacturing units of all sizes. The survey also says that hiring will remain muted, with 79% of respondents not planning to add workers in the next three months. The number of jobs created in manufacturing declined by 4% in 2012-13, over 2011-12, according to Assocham Economic Research Bureau.  Although the growth of Indian manufacturing has been sluggish, it is the only country (besides Vietnam) that has showed expansion in August from the previous month among emerging market Asian economies.

 

10%

The percentage increase in entry-level salaries of engineering graduates who will join TCS and Cognizant Technology next year. This is the first time IT companies have increased salaries of entry-level engineers in about seven years, which was stagnant at about Rs 3 lakh per year. Brokerage firm Kotak Institutional Equities estimates that this would impact the companies’ profit margins by 0.25 percentage points in 2016-17 and their earnings per share by 1-2%. IT industry grouping Nasscom estimates technology majors will hire only 30,000 people in 2015-16, 13% fewer than 2014-15. With IT companies looking at automation and other ways to reduce cost, the excess supply of engineering graduates is likely to remain a problem.

 

Rs 37.22 crore

The amount Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s overseas trips have cost the exchequer, between June 2014 and June 2015. Although Modi visited 20 countries, expenses related to 16 countries were provided to an RTI (Right to Information) application. About 40% of this amount was spent on two trips: Australia and the US. In his first year as Prime Minister, Modi allocated 14.5% of his tenure to visit 17 countries, while his predecessor Manmohan Singh spent 12.9% of his tenure to visit 12 countries in his first year. Of the total inflow of foreign investment in 2014-15, India received about 26.1% foreign direct investment from 12 countries visited by Modi in the same period. Indian companies invested over 53% of the total outflow of foreign investment in 2014-15 in these 12 countries.

 

12,000-14,000

The estimated number of leopards in India, according the first ever census of the country’s leopards. The census did not cover Gujarat, parts of Rajasthan, and eastern and northeastern parts. Leopards were counted using the same methods as those employed for estimating India’s tiger population: camera-trapping and gathering other evidence of their presence. Madhya Pradesh has the highest estimate of leopards (1,817), followed by Karnataka (1,129) and Maharashtra (905). The lead scientist of the tiger census, who presented the leopard figures last week, said there was no way of knowing whether their numbers have increased or decreased. A recent study by three wildlife scientists estimated a 70-80% decline in the leopard population in the last 100 years.

 

 

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