News in Numbers, Aug 3, 2016: Share of diesel variants in cars, NGOs’ foreign funding…

🚘 Will you buy a diesel car today?

The reasons to buy a diesel car are coming down day after day. The percentage of diesel variants in new cars is just one in four now, from one in two a few years ago. This is just one of the five interesting numbers we picked for you today.

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Have a look at them, and please do share this post to your friends. Here’s the link to subscribe.

26%

What is it? The share of diesel variants in new cars in India as of May 2016

Why is it important? This is down from 52% four years ago. The decline is due to rise in diesel prices on the back of government cutting fuel subsidies. In June 2012, diesel price in Delhi was 41.28 per litre or Rs 26.50 lower than petrol prices. Now it’s Rs 54.3/litre, just Rs 6.84 lower.

Tell me more: In Delhi, diesel car sales have dropped significantly after National Green Tribunal said cars over ten years will be deregistered.

4 million

What is it? The number of tax arrears cases – where the due amount is less than Rs 5000 – likely to be waived off.

Why is it important? An application of the Pareto Principle, which says large effects come from a few causes. Writing these amounts off would help Income Tax department focus on large defaulters where the amount that can be recovered would be larger, and the probability of recovery would be higher.

Tell me more: Of the 4 million cases, 1.8 million cases have arrears of less than Rs 100, and the rest between Rs 101 and Rs 5000.

Rs 22,137 crore

What is it? Foreign contribution received by 3,068 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in 2014-15.

Why is it important? This represents 83% increase in foreign funding for NGOs that received Rs 1 crore or more. In 2013-14, the increase was a modest 17%. As part of the plan to monitor foreign funding of NGOs more closely, Government cancelled registrations of more than 10,000 NGOs that did not file annual returns.

Tell me more: Six states – Delhi, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka – received 75% of the total amount in 2014-15.

8.5%

What is it? The drop in share price of Bharat Financial, formerly known as SKS Microfinance, after the company’s president S Dilli Raj was arrested by financial crimes investigators.

Why is it important? The company is among the biggest players in microfinance industry with claimed membership of 7 million, and Dilli Raj was the second-in-command. Bharat Financial claims the arrest was not related to the present company. It was based on a case filed by IDBI Bank against First Leasing Company of India, where Dilli Raj worked till January 2008.  First Leasing’s ex-MD Farouk M Irani was arrested in June this yearunder the same case.

Tell me more: Bharat Financial survived turbulent times when Andhra Pradesh government enacted a tough law to regulate micro lending in 2010. This law effectively meant most lending by microfinance firms couldn’t be collected from borrowers.

6

What is it? The number of hours West Bengal chief minister Mamata Banerjee had to wait before her turn came to speak at an inter-state council meeting in Delhi on July 16

Why is it important? West Bengal comes right at the end, if the state names are arranged alphabetically. Ms Banerjee was reportedly prompted by this to rename the state ‘Bengal’ in English and ‘Bangla or Banga’ in Bengali. The change would help it move to fourth position. The state cabinet cleared a proposal to this effect on Tuesday. However, it needs to be cleared by both houses of parliament in Delhi.

Tell me more:  This is the not the first time West Bengal proposed a name change. Earlier, it wanted the to be called Paschim Banga. The central government didn’t approve.

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NGOs on notice: Getting to the bottom of the foreign funding tangle

This piece originally appeared on Livemint.com

 

In October, the ministry of home affairs (MHA) sent notices citing violations to 10,307 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) out of the 40,139 registered under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 (FCRA). The notices indicated that the NGOs hadn’t filed annual returns for the years 2009-10, 2010-2011 and 2011-12.

This April, according to an MHA communication, 8,975 NGOs were deemed ineligible to receive foreign funds and their licences suspended. Which are these NGOs, where are they based and what do they do? Is the MHA targeting certain non-profits because their work is rights-based, advocacy-related or have a religious agenda? Granular data for all 8,975 NGOs was not available. We were able to match 7,936 NGOs on the MHA’s website. Here’s a break-up.

By Activity

Non-profits with a licence to receive funding under FCRA must self-classify based on their primary activity. An NGO can list more than one activity, but we have taken into account the first listed. The five categories are social, cultural, religious, educational and economic. Only 28% of NGOs listed their primary activity as “economic” or “educational”. “Cultural” was listed by 24%, while 28% cited “social” as their primary activity. Is there a targeting of NGOs based on their activity? An analysis suggests otherwise: “religious” NGOs account for 18% of notices received, but the category itself accounts for 21% of NGOs listed under FCRA. It’s only in the “social” category that the notices received exceeded their overall share.

 

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By states

Fifteen states and Union territories accounted for 93% of the 40,139 NGOs with FCRA registration. Tamil Nadu has the maximum number of NGOs, followed by Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.

 

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NGOs with FCRA registration from 24 states received notices. These can be divided into two categories: states whose share of notices exceeded their share in the total registered pie (depicted as a “positive differential” in the graphic below). For example, Uttar Pradesh, a non-BJP ruled state, accounts for 7.9% of all FCRA-registered NGOs in India, but it received 14% of all notices, resulting in a positive differential of 6.1 percentage points. There are nine such states, and eight of them have non-BJP governments. In the second category are the 14 states whose share of notices was lower than their share in the overall FCRA pie—a negative differential. The BJP or its allies were in power in eight of them. Gujarat has a zero differential.

 

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By religion

In their disclosures to the MHA, NGOs also need to indicate their faith if their listed activity is religion. About 78% of all religious NGOs that receive funding are Christian, which is about the same percentage as the religious NGOs who received notices from the MHA. In this set, only NGOs that follow Islam received notices in excess of their overall share. Further, among the top 10 states by notices to religious NGOs, there was no difference in the number of NGOs registered and notices received.

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By social

For NGOs classified as religious, economic, educational and cultural, the notices sent were largely in line with overall figures (see “By Activity” graphic). It’s primarily the “social” NGOs that saw a larger percentage of NGOs receiving notices compared with their presence in their respective states.

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