News in numbers, Dec 9, 2015: Job creation numbers, India’s missing women and children…




What is it? Net fall in jobs in textiles, automobiles, leather, metals, gems and jewellery, transportation, information technology/business process outsourcing (IT/BPO) and handloom/powerloom sectors in the April-June quarter this year, compared to the previous quarter, per quarterly employment survey.


Why is it important? This is a four-quarter low for job creation in manufacturing and export-oriented sectors. Despite a 7% GDP growth recorded in the first quarter of 2015-16, dismal job creation numbers show economic recovery is slower than expected and still has a long way to go.


Tell me more: Automobiles and textiles and apparels reported the largest decrease in jobs in the April-June 2015 quarter: 18,000 and 17,000 respectively.


1.35 lakh


What is it? Number of missing women in India as of November 30, 2015, as per government records.


Why is it important? That is an increase of 41% from nearly a year ago. Trafficking of women and children for various purposes such as for domestic help, forced marriages, sexual exploitation, forced labour, begging rackets and stealing of organs, is a major problem in India. According to non-governmental organisation, Prajwala, which had moved the Supreme Court against trafficking of women and girls, as many as 200,000 women and children are inducted into the flesh trade every year.


Tell me more: The number of missing children as of November was 61,000, an increase of 34.5% from December 2014. The Indian government has approved the setting up of 150 specialised investigative units on crimes against women in states and union territories on a 50:50 fund sharing basis.


Rs 1,427 crore


What is it? The amount Flipkart India and Flipkart Internet borrowed from banks by pledging their assets in the August-October period this year.


Why is it important? High growth companies such as Flipkart tend to avoid debt, because it comes with interest costs, and other risks related to default. Instead, they go for venture capital funding. In fact, Flipkart has raised $3.2 billion since inception – and over 80% of it in the last two years.


Tell me more: Flipkart India and Flipkart Internet reported a loss of Rs 2,000 crore in 2014-15, three times the loss it posted the previous financial year.


Rs 65-70 crore


What is it? The amount the two new Indian Premier League franchisees for Pune and Rajkot will forego from the central pool of the league’s revenue to be a part of IPL.


Why is it important? Shows the intensity of competition for the franchise. In fact, New Rising Promoters and Intex Technologies would be paying BCCI Rs 16 crore and Rs 10 crore respectively, per year for the teams. Power utility CESC Ltd chairman Sanjiv Goenka’s New Rising won Pune by bidding minus Rs 16 crore while mobile phone maker Intex Technologies got Rajkot by bidding minus Rs 10 crore. In a reverse bidding process by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), the companies that bid for the lowest amount to be received from the central pool for the teams, are declared winners.


Tell me more: These two teams would replace Chennai Super Kings and Rajasthan Royals for two years.


Rs 5,000


What is it? Flight ticket prices (starting range) to fly from Mumbai to Goa between December 20 and January 1.


Why is it important? This is half of the ticket prices that reigned five years ago between the same sectors. And, Goa is one of the busiest places to holiday in Christmas/New Year season. Fuel prices at a near seven-year low and increase in capacity have led to this drop.


Tell me more: The average airfare between the New Delhi-Mumbai sector in December 2015 is Rs 4,984 compared to Rs 5,581 in 2010.

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News in numbers, Dec 3, 2015: Gujarat civic elections, El Niño effect on Tamil Nadu…




What is it? Number of district panchayats (out of 31) in which Congress won in the civic elections in Gujarat.


Why is it important? This is the first time in 20 years that the Congress has made some inroads in the rural areas in Gujarat, traditionally dominated by BJP. The Gujarat civic polls are seen as a precursor to the state elections to be held in December 2017 and a test for Anandiben Patel who took over as chief minister after Narendra Modi moved on to the centre. It’s also a gauge of the effect of the Patidar agitation on the voting results and patterns.


Tell me more: BJP retained its stronghold in all the six municipal corporations and also, winning in 40 out of 56 municipalities. Of the 230 taluka panchayats having 4,778 seats, Congress won 2,509 and BJP got 1,981.


Rs 1,932.9 crore


What is it? Combined net losses registered by Flipkart Internet (runs the consumer-facing portal) and Flipkart India, the wholesale arm of India’s largest e-commerce company in 2014-15.


Why is it important? It has doubled from Rs 715 crore in 2013-14, when they were a single unit. It shows the extent to which venture capitalists money is driving the e-commerce boom. Flipkart has been using the money to expand the business – through investment in infrastructure and acquiring customers (often by heavy discounting).


Tell me more: These two units posted a combined sales of Rs 10,390 crore in 2014-15.


3 degree celsius


What is it? The degree by which the sea surface temperature in the central tropical Pacific was higher than the normal in mid-November. An unusual warming of surface waters in the equatorial Pacific Ocean is termed as the El Niño.


Why is it important? This is the largest positive deviation in recorded history and is one of the main factors responsible for the heavy rains in Tamil Nadu.


Tell me more: Besides natural reasons such as the El Niño, unplanned development of Chennai over the last few years, choking of stormwater drains and other water exits, flood fighting measures ignored while planning drainage projects and illegal construction on erstwhile water bodies are man-made reasons for the current situation in the capital city of Tamil Nadu.




What is it? Nominal GDP rate (growth rates measured at current market prices) of India in the second quarter of 2015-16.


Why is it important? This is the lowest in 10 years. In the second quarter of 2008-09, this was 19.9% and in the fourth quarter of 2009-10, it was recorded to be 23.3%. Nominal GDP growth minus the inflation rate gives the real GDP rate, which was 7.4% in the second quarter of 2015-16. This could explain why the country’s economic growth figures are not reflecting in factors such as corporate profits, Indian exports, car sales and loan growth of banks.


Tell me more: India’s real GDP outpaced China’s in the latest quarter.




What is it? The number of Indians who went missing abroad in the last three years.


Why is it important? A majority of them don’t get traced. Of 755, only 198 were traced since 2013. It’s increasingly becoming a part of external affairs agenda, and seen as how effective a government is, and as a sign of soft power.


Tell me more: Saudi Arabia and US top the list, with 176 and 173 missing Indians. 12 were traced in Saudi Arabia and 34 in the US. The numbers were shared in Lok Sabha by Minister of State for Overseas Indian Affairs V K Singh.

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