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Just How Bad is The Crime Rate In Delhi?

Last week, the National Crime Records Bureau released crime data for 2016, and that showed Delhi to continue being the crime capital in several categories.

NCRB categorizes crimes under 18 heads, and releases data for each at two geographical levels: by states and by 19 metropolitan cities with a population above 2 million. Delhi had the overall worst crime rate among all states, of 975 crimes per 100,000 people. The next worst was Kerala: 727.

Just how bad is it to be living as a woman or a child in Delhi? The visualization below captures the severity of Delhi’s crime rate in select categories with respect to other states. Seen another way, it shows when people come from another state to Delhi, what are they coming to in terms of crime and safety?

The smallest icons (first row) show states that are just as bad as Delhi in the particular crime metric: for example, the rate of crime against women in Assam is close to Delhi. And the largest icons (last low) show states with low crime rates. Nagaland, for example, had the lowest crime rate against women; in comparison to it, Delhi’s crime rate was 17 times Nagaland.

In terms of bigger states, Delhi’s rate of crime against women was thrice as bad as that of Maharashtra, and twice as bad as Madhya Pradesh.

The stark gap between Delhi and other states is also seen in crimes against children.

 

 

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News in Numbers, Oct 10, 2016: The food children consume…

20

What is it? The number of Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorists reportedly killed during the surgical strikes by the Indian Army across the Line of Control (LoC) with Pakistan on the intervening night of September 28 and 29.

Why is it important? The surgical strikes that targeted terrorist launchpads in Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir are said to have inflicted the maximum damage on the Pakistan-based Islamic militant organisation, which has been accused of carrying out the 2008 Mumbai attacks. This is based on assessment reports available from Indian Army field units that included radio conversations between different Pakistani formations.

Tell me more: The terrorists were taken by surprise and were killed while running towards a Pakistani post, according to reports. Pakistan has refuted India’s claims of conducting the surgical strikes and said only two of their soldiers have been killed in cross-border firing.

 

268 million

What is it? The estimated number of children aged between five and 17 years who would be overweight in the world by 2025 (from 219 million in 2010) if the current trends continue, according to a study.

Why is it important? This means governments would have to deal with rising ill-health and it is no comfort that this estimate includes the number of obese children to increase to 91 million in nine years from 76 million in 2010. This means member nations of the World Health Organization would be unable to achieve their goal of ‘no increase on obesity levels’ by 2025 (based on 2010 levels) for infants, adolescents and adults.

Tell me more: The main reason for obesity is the kind of foodchildren are consuming and that obesity and stunting go hand in hand in poorer countries, according to one of the authors of the published paper. The president of World Obesity Federation, which has compiled the data, has called for tough action by governments to stop companies that sell junk food from targeting children.

 

Rs 17.45 lakh

What is it? Sales of renewable energy certificates (RECs) in the April-September period, up by around 58% from Rs 11.05 lakh in the same period a year ago.

Why is it important? Indicates increasing compliance of renewable purchase obligations as power distribution companies and open access and captive consumers are obliged to buy RECs from renewable energy producers (if they are unable to buy a certain share of their power from them) as mandated by central and state regulatory commissions. However, at the end of September 2015, the REC inventory (which are valid only for three years) was 16 million with supply exceeding demand.

Tell me more: One REC is equivalent to 1 megawatt-hour of electricity generated from a renewable energy source.

 

3

What is it? Number of people killed in a stampede at a political rally by Bahujan Samaj Party leader Mayawati in Lucknow on Sunday. At least 12 were injured.

Why is it important? Highlights the risks in large gatherings and how unprepared the state agencies are. Over a lakh attended the rally. Mayawati blamed the state police for not making proper arrangements. A rumor of a snapped live power cable started the stampede.

Tell me more: The event took place at Kanshi Ram Memorial at the Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar ground in Lucknow to mark the tenth death anniversary of BSP founder Kanshi Ram, even as his followersfight to claim his legacy. Uttar Pradesh chief minister Akhilesh Yadav has announced a compensation of Rs 2 lakh for the families of those who died in the stampede.

 

17

What is it? The number of new cardinals of the Catholic Church appointed by Pope Francis on Sunday.

Why is it important? Of the 17, 13 are under the age of 80, which means they will be eligible to vote elect the current Pope’s successor when he resigns or passes away. The new cardinals – the most senior members of the Roman Catholic hierarchy – are mostly from the developing world, including the Central African Republic, Brazil, Bangladesh, Venezuela, Mauritius, Mexico and Papua New Guinea, and underlines their growing influence in the church traditionally dominated by Italy. Only one of the new cardinal is from Italy.

Tell me more: With this, the number of cardinal electors stands at 121 (the limit is 120, but one cardinal will turn 80 this November, bringing the total to 120).

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News in Numbers, Oct 5, 2016: Children in extreme poverty…

25 basis points

What is it? The reduction in repo rate, the rate at which the central bank lends to the banks, by Reserve Bank’s Monetary Policy Committee. It is 6.25% now from 6.5% earlier.

Why is it important? This is the lowest since November 2010 and has been done based on the scenario that inflation would ease in the coming months. The daily prices of pulses and vegetables reported by various markets in the country are indicative of this trend. This signals a shift in the Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) stance, which looks to support growth as inflation promises to be moderate due to a normal monsoon and government measures. It remains to be seen if this results in meaningful transmission by the banks to the borrowers.

Tell me more: This is the first policy review presided by governor Urjit Patel, who was appointed a month ago. This was also the first time the newly constituted, six-member monetary policy committee decided on interest rates – all six members voted in favour of a rate cut.

 

16,600

What is it? The number of flights domestic carriers will operate per week in the winter schedule effective October 30.

Why is it important? This is an increase of 20.8% over those operated in the winter schedule of 2015 (13,744), which is likely due to domestic air traffic’s double-digit growth. It has been growing at 10% annually for the last two years while in August, it grew at 24% compared to a year ago. However, despite the government’s push for regional connectivity, airlines plan to operate flights to 75 destinations this winter compared to 81 in the same period last year.

Tell me more: Indigo (InterGlobe Aviation) would see the highest jump in domestic flights (42%) this winter while the comparative figures for Air India and Jet Airways are 7.48% and 1.76% respectively.

 

385 million

What is it? The estimated number of children living in extreme poverty globally in 2013, according to a report. Extreme poverty is defined as welfare less than $1.9 per day per person.

Why is it important? This report indicates that children are twice as likely as adults to live in extreme poverty. Children in the two age groups – 0-4 years and 5-9 years – each accounted for 15.9% and 15.4% (respectively) of those living in extreme poverty (adults included). Though children made up for a third of the sample population, over half of them were affected by extreme poverty.

Tell me more: Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest share of children living in extreme poverty (over 50%) followed by South Asia (36%), with over 30% extremely poor children living in India alone. The report by the World Bank Group and Unicef has arrived at these estimates based on data from 89 countries, which represent over 84% of the developing world’s population.

 

Rs 60,969 crore

What is it? The total value of bids for telecom spectrum at the end of the third day of auctions.

Why is it important? This is only a third of the amount the government hoped to raise in this auction, and indicates that telecom players consider the reserve price to be too high. No one has bid for the premium 700-MHz band – worth Rs 4 lakh crore at base price –  so far. The auctions are expected to end this week.

Tell me more: The government was hoping to raise at least Rs 5.6 trillion through this auction, but at the current rate, might end up with even less than Rs 1.1 trillion it raised in 2015.

 

27.5%

What is it? The percentage of men in Rajasthan who got married before they reached 21 years of age, according to a survey for the year 2012-13. Among women in the state, the under age marriage percentage is lower at 14.3%

Why is it important? This higher percentage of under-age marriages among men could be an indicator that the age difference between husband and wife is coming down. (The legal marriageable age for women is 18). The survey covered nine states, among which Rajasthan emerged as the one with highest percentage of early marriages. Uttarakhand, the lowest.

Tell me more: In 2008, a panel recommended making the lower age limit for marriage (18) the same for both men and women.

 

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News in Numbers, May 17, 2016: Buffett’s stake in Apple, RBS to shut down India operations…

0.34%

What is it? The increase in wholesale price inflation (WPI) in April against -0.85% in March.

Why is it important? It increased after 17 months of deceleration. Retail inflation also went up to 5.39% in April from 4.83% in March, bringing back worries about its persistence. This could dampen hopes of interest rate cuts by Reserve Bank in June.

Tell me more: The WPI’s increase was mainly due to an increase in prices of food and manufactured items. Wholesale food prices rose 4.23% on a year-on-year basis due to a sharp increase in the prices of pulses and potato. Prices of manufactured items rose 0.71% last month year-on-year.

 

2.5%

What is it? The minimum share of apprentices profitable public sector units must have as a percentage of their total workforce with the maximum being 10%.

Why is it important? This will help Indian government’s Skills India programme (launched last year), which has a target of skilling 40.2 crore workers by 2022. India, which has the world’s largest youth population, is estimated to require 120 million more workers by 2022 and their skilling is imperative for economic growth.

Tell me more: The estimated share of India’s workforce that undergoes formal training (2.3%) compares very poorly with that in other countries – 68% in the UK, 75% in Germany, 52% in the US, 80% in Japan and 96% in South Korea.

 

9.81 million

What is it? The number of shares investor Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway has in Apple (as of March 31) valued at $1.07 billion.

Why is it important? This is Berkshire Hathaway’s second investment in a technology company – after IBM. Buffett buys companies with strong cash flows, decent dividends and a good management – and had avoided investments in high-growth tech firms because their future is harder to predict. His investment in Apple is an indication that the iPhone maker is transitioning/has moved from being a high-growth star to a low-growth but stable company.

Tell me more: Apple’s shares rose 3.7% to $93.88 on Monday after Berkshire’s announcement. The value of Berkshire Hathaway’s holding in the firm has dropped to $921 million since March 31.

 

10

What is it? The number of retail branches Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) will shut down in India.

Why is it important? With this, RBS will wind up all its banking operations in India – as part of its global restructuring plans to reduce its presence from 38 countries to 13. Around 400650 employees are set to lose their jobs. The UK bank, which sold off its offshore loan book in India to UAE-based National Bank of Abu Dhabi and private banking business to Sanctum Wealth Management, failed to find any buyers for the rest of its India assets.

Tell me more: The bank will retain its back-office operations, which supports its global businesses and employs over 10,000 people.

 

62%

What is it? The percentage of children who attended a government primary school in 2014, down from 72.6% in 2007-08, according to an analysis by data journalism platform, IndiaSpend based on an NSSO survey.

Why is it important? Indicates an increasing preference for private schools and underlines the concerns about quality of education in government schools. Despite this and the fact that India has spent nearly Rs 5.9 lakh crore on primary education in the last 10 years, there has been a decline in learning outcomes, according to NGO Pratham’s 2014 report.

Tell me more: The data also confirms a popular perception that a higher percentage of children in urban areas prefer private schools over the government ones. Less than a third of children attended government primary schools in urban areas compared to 72.3% in rural areas in 2014.

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